Najaf is a wide city situated on a high hill and a spacious sandy land, surrounded from northeast with a wide area of tombs and domes. Some of these tombs and domes are ruined and some are still firmed. This great graveyard is called Wadi Salam. Also, the graveyard overtops the dry sea of Najaf at west, and one who comes from a far distance can observe the holy shrine of Imam Ali (peace be upon him) situated in the central part of the city, whose dome appears more luminous when the sun shines to its golden pieces. 
The city area reaches to 1338 kilometers square. Its streets are straight and wide, buildings are very high, markets are planned and spacious, particularly the big market of the city which starts from the eastern fence of the city and ends to the courtyard of Imam Ali's holy shrine (peace be upon him).