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The Mosque of the Rass



    It lies to the west of the architecture of the holy shrine, very close to its west side. It is an old mosque, which, according to Jaafar Mahbouba, "was built along with the holy shrine as it is obvious from its precious- coated walls. Simultaneously, el-Buraqi states that it can be traced back to the time of King Abbas Shah, as it is commonly known among the Najafis.

    Similarly, in his biographical study, sheikh Mohammad Hirz Eddin quotes Mirza Hadi el-Khurasani, whom he describes as being keenly interested in history. Here, he mentions that "this mosque was known as Mosque of the Rass built by Ghazan Bin Holakou Khan. It took him a whole year to build it when he camped in Thawiya, an area between Najaf and Hannana Mosque. In 703 AH. (i.e. 1304 AD.), Ghazan died in Ray (see footnotes of Ma'arif el-Rijaal).

    Now, why is it called the Mosque of the Rass (i.e. the Head)? Here, we have two possible answers. First, it lies in the direction of the head of the holy tomb of the Imam Ali (PBUH); second, it is so named according to sayings retold from Imam Jaafar Assadiq (PBUH), (a descendant of Imam Hussein, son of Imam Ali (PBUH), which reports that the head of the Imam Hussein was buried there. In this course, Sayyid Abdul Karim Bin Tawous, taking from El-Kulayni, from Bin Kalaweigh, from Zaid  Bin Talha, states that:

One day, Abu Abdulla says to me as he was in the city of Hira, "Do you want what I promised you?" (He meant going to the shrine of Amir al-Mu'minin). I said, "Yes". So, he mounted and also did Ismail and I and marched until we passed by Thawiya, between Hira and Najaf at the White Thaqawats (i.e rocks, or mounds) where the Imam got down and prayed and so did we. Then, he said to Ismail: Stand up and greet your grandfather el-Hussein. Here, I asked, Is el-Hussein not in Karbala? He answered, Yes, but when his head was carried over to Damascus, it was stolen by one of our proponents who buried it beside the tomb of amir al- Mu'minin.